Malaria is one of the world’s most widespread and dangerous diseases. If left untreated, it causes severe infections and may be fatal to the patient. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly half of the world’s population is at risk of malaria. Young children, expecting mothers, and non-vaccinated travelers are vulnerable to the disease once they become infected.
Malaria is transmitted through the bite of an Anopheles mosquito. It’s not the mosquito itself that causes the disease. Rather, it’s the parasite that lives inside the mosquito. Once the mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream. Malaria is usually found in subtropical and tropical climates. Globally, there are approximately 198 million cases of malaria.
If you’re planning to visit another country, visit your doctor and be immunized. Here are the causes, symptoms, and treatments that you should know:
Malaria is usually spread by infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, but it is caused by a Plasmodium parasite. Only five types of Plasmodium parasite cause malaria in humans and are typically found in Africa and Asia. Transmission is more intense in places where mosquitoes live longer. It also depends on climate conditions; Mosquitoes that spread malaria are usually found in tropical areas.
Usually, the symptoms appear 10 days to 4 weeks after infection. In some cases, symptoms may manifest as early as 7 days or as late as 1 year after the patient is infected. Symptoms include:
- Moderate to severe shaking, chills
- High fever
If you’re experiencing these symptoms after traveling to malaria-risk areas, talk to your doctor. Seek urgent medical attention.
As stated by the World Health Organization, malaria is a curable and preventable disease if treated promptly and correctly. The first step to curing the patient is to run a series of tests to determine whether the patient has complicated or uncomplicated Malaria. The type of medicines and the length of treatment will vary based on the type of malaria parasite, the severity of symptoms, the patient’s age, and if the patient is pregnant.
Uncomplicated malaria is treated by artemisinin-based therapies (ACTs). Severe malaria is treated with injectable artesunate for at least 24 hours and followed by a 3-day course of ACTs. The most common antimalarial drugs are Chloroquine, Quinine sulfate, Hydroxychloroquine, Mefloquine, or Combination of atovaquone and proguanil.
Always be aware of the health problems that may arise whatever the season may be. Don’t think twice about setting an appointment with your doctor. Secure your health with the help of ManilaMed.