Dealing with a body that is highly sensitive to physical trauma can make an individual limit their daily activities. For people living with Hemophilia, a simple cut or a bruise can easily get worse because their bodies are unable to prevent further bleeding as well as the average person can. This disorder is caused by a lack of proteins VIII or IX in one’s genes which are responsible for blood clotting.
Symptoms of Hemophilia
The level of clotting factors in the genes will determine the extent of the symptoms manifesting in the body. Some may not bleed a lot with simple cuts but do so heavily after surgery. For those who have a more severe type of Hemophilia, they may actually get nosebleeds without a cause or even bleed inside the brain when they bump their head. Other symptoms include the following:
- Unusual bleeding after vaccinations
- Excessive bleeding from dental work
- Swelling of joints
- Convulsions or seizures (when there is bleeding into the brain)
- Blood in stool
Since the body is highly sensitive to physical trauma, certain activities and foods have to be avoided in order to lessen the possibility for excessive bleeding in the future. In addition, having regular consultations and tests is mandatory because there are illnesses that hemophiliac patients are more prone to getting, such as Hepatitis A and B.
Essential Medical Care
In order to properly manage the disorder and prevent further complications, patients must be proactive at visiting their doctors and having themselves checked regularly. Hematologists may advise you to get comprehensive checkups to see if there are any more abnormalities or blood-borne infections developing in the body that may affect your bleeding situation. They will also be the ones to teach proper first aid tips for cuts, bruises, and other injuries.
There are many instances where a hemophiliac person might suffer more than the average person because of his condition, such as getting a sports injury or simply having a dental procedure. If you or your loved one is into physical activities, these are the following types of sports and exercise that are safer and highly recommended by doctors:
- Bicycle riding
Certain medications may also have to be avoided so as not to worsen the bleeding condition. Aspirin and ibuprofen can aggravate bleeding, therefore doctors prescribe acetaminophen instead for pain relief. Medications used to prevent heart attacks, stroke, and unstable angina such as heparin, warfarin, clopidogrel, and prasugrel are also not to be used. These are blood-thinning medications that can cause more bleeding.
Dental surgeries or extractions can take a toll on a person with Hemophilia. Practicing good hygiene is a must to have as few procedures as possible. Proper brushing technique is important, because pushing too hard on the gums can also cause bleeding.
Getting the right set of vitamins and minerals can help the body improve and decrease the risk of getting chronic illnesses such as hypertension and diabetes. Take note of these nutrients and add them to your diet for better health:
- Lean red meat
- Leafy green vegetables
- Dried fruit
- Calcium-fortified soy milk
- Low-fat or fat-free milk
- Greek yogurt
- Dark leafy greens
- Vitamin C
Iron helps with the production of red blood cells, and this can help the body recover quickly after bleeding. Calcium strengthens the body’s joints and bones, which can keep you from getting into accidents. Vitamin C helps with the body’s absorption of iron.
If you or a loved one is suffering from Hemophilia, our hematologists are ready to help you modify your daily routine and give you proper treatment. Send us a message or call us at 5238131-65 for consultation.