Blood is a specialized bodily fluid composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma. As blood goes through the entire body, it performs a number of functions such as supplying oxygen to cells and tissues, providing essential nutrients to cells, transporting hormones from one part of the body to another, and removing material wastes, among others. With the many different roles of blood, it is vital in maintaining the body’s well-being. However, there are blood disorders that affect a specific component of the blood, affecting its ability to function properly.
Types of blood diseases
Anemia happens when the body lacks healthy red blood cells to circulate and carry enough oxygen in the body’s tissues. This blood disorder is also the most common in the general population; in 2017, 11.1% of the Filipino population was found to be anemic. While there are various types of anemia, each with different manifestations and causes, the most telling symptoms of anemia are fatigue and lack of energy. Different types of anemia require differing treatments, from taking iron supplementation to undergoing medical procedures; to be sure, ask your physician which medication works best for your condition.
Hemophilia is an extremely rare genetic disorder that slows down the ability of the blood to clot due to low blood-clotting proteins. People with hemophilia bleed longer or more excessively, whether externally or internally. This blood disorder is classified into two kinds, Hemophilia A and B. Type A is the most common type of hemophilia, and it is caused by a deficiency of factor VIII, one of the proteins that aid in blood clotting. While Type B, on the other hand, is caused by a deficiency in clotting factor IX. Symptoms for hemophilia include nosebleeds without a cause, convulsions or seizures, blood in stool or urine, and many large bruises.
Leukemia is a type of cancer found in the blood and bone marrow. This blood disease is caused by the rapid production of malignant white blood cells. This happens when abnormal white blood cells continue to increase and multiply rapidly, making it hard for healthy white blood cells to function normally. White blood cells are an important part of the immune system as these help fight infections by attacking bacteria and viruses that invade the body. Symptoms of this disorder include persistent fatigue, recurrent nosebleeds, frequent fevers and infections, and swollen lymph nodes, among others.
Blood diseases can be dangerous and life-threatening if not treated properly and immediately. While these disorders may seem complicated, everyone can easily avail of treatment. Talking to a doctor is the first step to finding out if you have a blood condition. If you want to know the condition of your blood, our hematologists are here to help. Visit us or schedule an appointment by calling (02) 523 – 8131.